Integrative Assessment and Configuration Logic for Production Systems

  • A company can choose between three generic competitive strategies. Alongside the strategy of cost leadership are the strategy of differentiation and the strategy of focussing on niches, although we will not be discussing this latter any further here. The strategy of cost leadership is based on the achievement of “economies of scale”, so generating advantage from the benefits of cost reduction, learning curve effects and automation. In the strategy of differentiation the focus is on “economies of scope” which enable the customer-specific products to be offered, but this is generally achieved only with an increase in the complexity of products and processes. In the past it was assumed that these two strategies were mutually exclusive, as an increase in the economies of scale basically leads to a reduction in the economies of scope, and vice versa. But in order to survive in the international competitive arena companies in the high-wage countries need increasingly to offer individually tailored products at competitive prices. The target to be aimed at is therefore customer-specific products at the cost of mass production, so resolving the dilemma between economies of scale and economies of scope. For this it is necessary to optimise the alignment of all the structural elements in both the product and its production, because of the high level of their interdependence. The areas on which we will focus our review and designs in the following will be what are known as product-production systems, or more briefly, production systems. This topic includes not only the resources and processes of the value creation systems, but also the products produced and offered on the market by a company as one connected entity. In order to tackle the challenges mentioned above, it is necessary to make it possible to measure and compare the current position of any given production system on the see-saw between economies of scale and economies of scope, and then be able to redesign specific facets of them as a second phase. A method of integrative evaluation and design of production systems is presented below for this purpose.

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Author:Günther Schuh, Robert Schmitt, Jens Arnoscht, Arne Bohl, Daniel Kupke, Michael Lenders, Christopher Nußbaum, Jerome Quick, Michael Vorspel-Rüter
Parent Title (English):Integrative Production Technology for High-Wage Countries
Place of publication:Berlin [u. a.]
Editor:Christian Brecher
Document Type:Part of a Book
Date of Publication (online):2023/09/08
Date of first Publication:2011/12/19
Release Date:2023/09/21
Tag:configuration; production system
GND Keyword:KonfigurationGND; ProduktionssystemGND
First Page:80
Last Page:142
Institute / Department:FIR e. V. an der RWTH Aachen
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 62 Ingenieurwissenschaften